LME:LEARN - Large Marine Ecosystems


Toolkits will cover the following priority topics: 

  • Environmental economics analysis

The toolkit will be developed by LME:LEARN’s partner IUCN, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. This online toolkit will be covering the following issues: design of environmental policies: strategies (standards, taxes, incentives and subsidies); cost/effect analysis; cost/benefit analysis; risk analysis; economic impact assessment; environmental impact assessment; environmental economics accounting; valuation of ecosystem; and climate change economics.

  • Stakeholders’ participation in environmental policy

This toolkit aims to organize and share approaches that can be effectively applied across a range of disciplines and for a wide array of purposes. It will be focused on multiple audiences, acting at multiple scales, from stakeholders acting at the smallest relevant unit of decision-making, including the community or local level, to stakeholders influencing national or subnational decision making. Topics may include conflict resolution and negotiation, community participation, stakeholder engagement, and the impacts of climate change on social aspects of environmental policy.

  • Strategic LME approach

This toolkit aims to utilize the accumulated knowledge into creating a strategic approach to future LME projects that will assist decision makers, project developers and managers in implementing new projects in new LMEs, as well as improving the management of old ones, both within and outside of the aegis of GEF. The LME projects are, by definition, “strategic” projects because they cover large territorial areas, involve many stakeholders at different levels and deal with the multiplicity of thematic subjects. However, sometimes they have lacked a “strategic” approach that should bring convergence of projects’ objectives, activities and results and, ultimately, would deliver a strong message to those benefiting from projects’ results.

  • LME project engineering and management

The LME project toolkit (that includes project sustainability) aims to utilize the accumulated knowledge into creating a practical approach to the preparation of future LME projects. The toolkit will be of use for the preparation of complementary ICM, MPA, PMS and coastal adaptation projects. The toolikt will be developed as a combination of publication/online interactive tool and will be the basis for the development of a complementary training module.

  • Ecosystem-Based Management

Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM) for the oceans is widely recognized among ocean managers and governments as an important approach to achieve sustainable ocean governance. However, despite the increasing recognition of the need for marine ecosystem-based management, many governments and management organizations still struggle with how to effectively implement EBM. In response, many of these same governments and management organizations are committed to implementing capacity development efforts to increase local capacity for EBM, however they lack guidance on the best ways to assess capacity gaps and assets and to design effective capacity development programs that can strengthen the capacity of individuals, organizations, and societies. The Capacity Development Planning Guide presents an innovative methodology for conducting capacity needs and assets assessments to inform the development of holistic capacity development strategies. It will also contain best practices and recommendations on how to make capacity development effective, and how to sustain its impacts. While preparing the Capacity Development Planning Guide, Conservation International will share lessons learned and provide guidance on how to design, implement, and institutionalize comprehensive capacity building programs in target countries, with a particular emphasis on embedding capacity within local systems and institutions, from the start (planning) to the end (institutionalization) of the capacity building process.

  • LME assessment

A standardized set of questions is being developed, which will provide a rapid, practical snapshot of the strengths and weaknesses of management across large-scale marine management areas such as LMEs. The tool will assess the basic elements of a functional large-scale management program, within the initial planning process and in subsequent years. Questions cover a wide range of management topics, such as social and political support, ecosystem-based management, and governance structure, plus observational socioeconomic and ecological outcomes within focal regions.